Inside knee pain can be a frustrating and exhausting issue, often making it difficult to walk, run, or even stand for extended periods of time.
If you’re dealing with this type of knee pain, you’re not alone – it’s a common problem that can have a variety of causes.
In this blog post, we’ll explore five of the most common causes of inside knee pain, as well as some potential methods to combat this painful issue.
Inside knee pain, also known as medial knee pain, can be caused by a variety of factors such as:
- a blow to the knee
- activities that involve many twisting or pivoting knee motions – skiing, basketball, football and or rugby
- natural deterioration of the knee in result of aging
Some conditions associated with inner knee pain include osteoarthritis, meniscal tears, patellofemoral syndrome, and ligament injuries. It can be a chronic issue that affects daily activities and quality of life, or it can be a temporary discomfort that can be relieved with proper treatment.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS)
Patellofemoral pain syndrome, also known as “runner’s knee,” is a common cause of pain around the front of the knee and inside the knee joint.
It’s often the result of overuse or improper tracking of the patella (knee cap). Some symptoms may include pain when climbing stairs or sitting for long periods of time with bent knees.
Ways to combat PFPS may include mobility training and or yoga to stretch and strengthen the muscles around the knee, as well as the use of knee braces or taping techniques to help correct patellar tracking.
In some cases, doctors have found a change in footwear or modification of physical activity may also be necessary.
The meniscus is a C-shaped piece of cartilage in the knee that helps to cushion and stabilize the joint. A meniscal tear can occur as a result of trauma or overuse, and can cause inside knee pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the joint.
Alleviating options for a meniscal tear may include physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, or surgery to repair or remove the damaged portion of the meniscus. (Please consult a licensed clinician before taking any medical treatment options)
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the knee. It’s often the result of wear and tear on the joint, and is more common in older adults.
Treatment options for osteoarthritis may include medications to reduce pain and inflammation, mobility training and yoga to improve range of motion and strength, and in some cases, knee surgery to repair or replace the damaged joint.
The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs located around the knee joint that help to reduce friction between the bones and muscles. Bursitis is inflammation of the bursae.
The most common locations in the body for bursitis are in the shoulder, elbow and hip. But you can also have bursitis by your knee, heel and the base of your big toe. Bursitis usually occurs around joints that perform frequent repetitive motion.
Alleviating options for bursitis may include rest, ice, and light stretching to reduce inflammation. Physical therapy can also be helpful in improving range of motion and strengthening the muscles around the knee.
Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons, which are strong bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone.
It can occur as a result of overuse or improper training, and can cause pain on the inside of the knee.
Treatment options for tendonitis may include rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain medications to reduce inflammation. Physical therapy can also be helpful in stretching and strengthening the muscles and tendons around the knee.
In severe cases, corticosteroid injections or surgery may be necessary.
When to seek medical help
If your injury is mild, you may be able to manage your symptoms yourself, without seeking medical advice. But you should see a doctor or physiotherapist, if:
- you can’t put weight on the affected leg, especially without excruciating pain
- you have severe pain, even when you’re not putting weight on it
- your knee gives out, clicks, or locks (gets stuck)
- you can’t move your knee
- your knee is hot, red or very swollen
More holistic tactics to relive inside knee pain
- Rest and ice: If you have recently injured your knee or if the pain is acute, it is important to rest and avoid activities that may cause further irritation. Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and pain.
- Compression and elevation: Wearing a compression bandage or sleeve can help reduce swelling and provide support to the knee. Elevating the leg above the level of the heart can also help reduce swelling and improve blood flow.
- Stretching and strengthening: Stretching the muscles around the knee can help improve flexibility and reduce stress on the joint. Some stretches that may be helpful include quadriceps stretches, calf stretches, and hamstring stretches. Strengthening the muscles in the leg, such as the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calves, can help improve stability and support the knee.
- Avoiding activities that cause pain: If certain activities or movements tend to exacerbate the pain, it is important to avoid them until the pain subsides. This may include activities such as running, jumping, or squats.
- Knee braces: If the pain is caused by instability or weakness in the knee, a knee brace can provide support and help stabilize the joint. There are different types of knee braces available, and your healthcare professional can recommend the best option for your specific needs.
- Maintaining a healthy weight: Excess weight can put additional strain on the knee joint, leading to pain and inflammation. Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the load on the knee and decrease the risk of developing knee problems.
- Using proper technique: If the pain is caused by repetitive activities or improper technique, it is important to pay attention to your form and make adjustments as needed. This may include using proper lifting techniques to avoid putting unnecessary strain on the knee, or adjusting your running or cycling form to reduce impact on the joint.
- Wearing appropriate footwear: Wearing shoes that are worn out or do not provide adequate support can increase the risk of developing knee pain. Investing in high-quality, supportive shoes that fit well can help reduce the risk of knee injuries and alleviate discomfort.
- Seeking medical attention: If the pain is severe or persists despite attempting self-care measures, it is important to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional can properly diagnose the cause of the pain and recommend appropriate treatment options.
Lets wrap it up
In conclusion, inside knee pain can be caused by a variety of factors and it is important to seek the advice of a healthcare professional to properly diagnose and treat the issue.
However, there are steps you can take to help alleviate the pain and improve your knee function.
These include rest and ice, compression and elevation, stretching and strengthening, physical therapy, avoiding activities that cause pain, and wearing a knee brace.
By following these recommendations, you can take control of your knee pain and improve your overall quality of life.
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No content on this site should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other licensed clinicians.
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